Today, Santorini is a picturesque tourist spot, but many visitors don't realize it is located on the remnants of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in human history. Akrotiri, the city on the island of Santorini, is a fine example of the skillfulness of the builders of the Minoan civilization in Greece. Accommodating more than 3,000 inhabitants, it is one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico civilization. The towns of Kitzbühel and Stallhofen both feature Krampus museums that collect old costumes and masks. Although there are some dissenters, it's generally agreed that in 1962, some trash was set on fire and the fire spread to a coal seam. Katy Perry kissed a teenager in the mouth and received a tone of criticism about it! To account for the changes in our world over time, 24/7 Wall St. has compiled a list of countries that no longer exist. The Krampus costumes at Krampuslaufs are aesthetically varied—they may be reminiscent of devils, bats, goats, abominable snowmen, or something out of a Guillermo del Toro movie. He might leave bundles of sticks for bad children—or he might just hit them with the sticks instead. Some have been rediscovered, and others are still out there, waiting to be found. When the Soviets decided to create the Rybinsk Reservoir on the Volga River in the 1930s, there was only one problem: Mologa and over 600 smaller villages, with a population of around 130,000 people. Four hundred years later, a warrior-hero named Isokelekel helped overthrow the Saudeleur, leading to the abandonment of the site. One of them even featured an American post office and had a newspaper documenting the goings-on. It was abandoned in 1300, and archaeologists discovered it only in 1888, when it was found to be the largest settlement in the rock in North America. Some theories suggest that the river dried up, while others cite a flood or invasion by nomadic cattle herders. But when the mine closed in 1974, the island was abandoned. Luxor, Egypt Countries That No Longer Exist. Of course, for some people the holidays are scary enough without throwing a demon beast with a penchant for physical assault into the mix. Here, we take a look at 10 of the lesser known kingdoms that no longer exist… But in 1871, Heinrich Schliemann began digging and found a fortress as Homer described. The fire continued to burn and, among other scary events, in 1981 a 13-year-old boy narrowly escaped falling into a hole that opened up in the ground. Some continue to be major players on the political scene, but others are no longer significant. Originally Published: July 21, 2020. As for the Little Americas, they've drifted out to sea on icebergs and have disappeared. In 1995, the Soufrière Hills volcano began erupting, and in 1997 a pyroclastic flow destroyed the city of Plymouth, once home to 4000 people, and the surrounding area of Montserrat, a British territory in the Caribbean. At times we were chased, jostled and struck, but compared with the brutality we witnessed, it was obvious we had been spared the full brunt of what Krampus could muster. U.S.S.R. was a strong superpower alongside the US, with whom they engaged in a cold war that came close to plunging the world into a nuclear war. Also known as the Ethiopian Empire, Abyssinia was a kingdom in northeast Africa. This writer went to Krampuslaufs in three cities and described “savage beatings” to people’s thighs and shins, as well as a Krampus chasing down and sitting on a teenager. DEAD CITIES, SYRIA. By the time Hans Egede arrived in the 1720s to convert the long-lost colonists to Lutheranism, the Norse Greenlanders had disappeared. Today, these ruins are all that is left of buildings raised by powerful and great ancient civilizations that no longer exist. ... the Middle East, Asia, and Africa through the empires and colonies built by different Greek city-states notably Athens, Miletus, Ionia, Knossos, Corinth, and the kingdom of Macedon (not to be confused with the recently formed Slavic country in the Balkans). Though it didn’t rise to the level of a ban, in 1953 the head of Vienna’s kindergarten system also published a pamphlet calling Krampus “an evil man” and warning parents that celebrating him could scar their children for life. The Spanish conquerors never discovered it, and it was revealed to the public at the beginning of the 20th century. Located in the Supe Valley in Peru, Caral is one of the most ancient lost cities of the Americas.It was as inhabited between roughly 2600 BC and 2000 BC. Pavlopetri is a city that existed from the Stone Age up to 1000 BC and is a place that provides an... Akrotiri – Santorini, Greece. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, and was a major center of Buddhism. Today, Pompeii is a popular celebrity in Italy and a tourist destination. In 2014, the weather caused the reservoir to drop dramatically, re-exposing parts of the city to the world. In the 5th century CE, the Ephthalites invaded and destroyed much of the city while simultaneously lessening the presence and influence of Buddhism in the region. Eventually, World War I and the discovery of larger deposits further south led to the abandonment of the city. 8. ... Its most famous city and capital, Babylonia, is considered the birthplace of literature and writing, and was home to mythical hanging gardens listed among the world's Seven Wonders. Before 1920, it existed as an international Wild West, with no nation having ownership. Years later, the property came up for sale and Wilson bought it, hoping to find Trellech, which he claims that he did. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. Many people were caught unaware and reacted with terror. Paull Young, Flickr // CC BY 2.0 When Vesuvius exploded in 79 CE, its most famous victims were the... 2. Another set of flooded towns exist in New York, condemned in the 1940s to give New York City more drinking water. Archaeologists, however, no longer believe in the existence of a single 'lost city,' or Ciudad Blanca, as described in the legends. https://twitter.com/list25 https://www.facebook.com/list25 http://list25.com Check out the text version as well! Here are a handful of long-lost cultures that don't get the name recognition they deserve. A 1958 article about the Krampus legend in Styria (a state in southeast Austria) reports that Krampus would deliver gold-painted bundles of birch sticks to children. Some places have remained to this day, some have completely changed, and there are also ancient cities that are completely lost and no longer exist. 10 Ancient Greek Cities that No Longer Exist or Greek Alexandria, Modern Egypt. Today, the cities of Jericho … Paititi is a legendary lost city somewhere in the Andes said to be rich with gold. A historical sovereign state is a state that once existed, but has since been dissolved due to conflict, war, rebellion, annexation, or uprising. Cahokia, located just outside present day St. Louis, was the largest pre-Columbian settlement in the Americas north of modern Mexico. Other scholars insist that it's real, and in 2008 officials in a Peruvian town announced that they discovered it along a heavily forested section of the mountains. Here, we take a look at 10 of the lesser known kingdoms that no longer exist… For almost as long as we've had civilization, we've lost it. The post 12 Amazing Abandoned Places That No Longer Exist … For some reason though, activity spiked in the early 1900s when local legend says that Al Capone had a bootlegging operation there, thanks to the area's high ground and remote location. In its final years, the U.S.S.R comprised of 15 Eurasian nations with its capital at Moscow. Abyssinia . Eventually, the site was forgotten—until the 1950s, when a local high school principal decided to rediscover it. The post 24 Cities You Learned About in School That No Longer Exist … They also pledged to arrest Krampus whenever they saw him. Consonno was originally a medieval town that survived for centuries with a small population of around 300. In 1900, part of the sea wall was destroyed by a storm, and dredging was soon stopped. Nan Madol, off the shore of Pohnpei, is best known as the only existing ancient city built on top of a coral reef. Robert Byrd set up the first Little America in 1928, expanded it in 1933-'35, and started a new Little America further north in 1940; two more would eventually follow. But in 1917, a combination of gales and high tides destroyed the city. Today Petra is one of the largest archaeological sites in the Middle East, built in Roman and Greek architectural style. The Sultanate of Ubar. Soon after, experts denounced their find as a natural formation, meaning the real Paititi remains lost. Whatever the truth (or otherwise) of this legend, history is filled with cities that emerged and then were abandoned or forgotten. As technology evolved, the borders of nations shifted, and entire states rose and fell. - http://list25.com/25-ancient-greek-cities-that-no-longer-exist-or-are-no-longer-greek/ Here's a preview: Akragas, Modern Italy Nikaia, Modern France Odessos, Modern Ukraine Eucratideia, Modern Afghanistan Dodona, Modern Greece Naucratis, Modern Egypt Kumai, Modern Italy Istros, Modern … For almost as long as we've had civilization, we've lost it. These cities are not alone. The area remained abandoned until 2016, when it hosted an Italian hide-and-seek championship. Mount Nebo (Jordan) In the final chapter of Deuteronomy, Moses climbs Mount Nebo and is granted a view of the Promised Land. But the J.C. Penney clothes survive fine.". The Dead Cities are a group of around 40 villages in northern … When Krampus does more than whack naughty children with sticks. This page lists sovereign states, countries, nations, or empires that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature. But Kush’s origins extend far deeper into the past—ceramic artifacts dated to 8000 B.C. Years later, a hunter missed a shot and his arrow hit the bell of what is now known as Hedal Stave Church, rediscovering this abandoned village. These Breathtaking Natural Wonders No Longer Exist. The newspaper of the Austrian Catholic Union called for a Krampus boycott, and the government of Lienz, the capital of East Tyrol, forbade Krampus dances and further mandated that all aspiring St. Nicholases must be licensed by the city. There were five Little Americas over the course of several decades. All of these cities have rich histories and many ruins and monuments continue to stand and are visited annually by thousands of tourists. One of these mining towns was Humberstone, but the modern UNESCO area contained over 200 saltpeter works and dozens of towns popped up. Years later, a hunter missed a shot and his arrow hit the bell of what is now known as Hedal Stave Church, rediscovering this abandoned village. Some scholars dispute its existence, saying that it was a metaphor instead of a city, or that it was created to distract invading Spaniards. One of the settlements on the island at the time of the eruption nearly 3600 years ago was Akrotiri. For reasons that are still debated, the population soon declined and Cahokia was abandoned circa 1350. We at Bright Side wondered why this happens, and look what we've found. Countries such as … Today, it's a tourist site. Working with the school’s janitor and a mechanic, they found several archaeological sites, and excavation continues today. An old Norwegian legend tells of a village that was left utterly depopulated by the Black Death, forgotten, and soon overgrown by moss and trees. Among these towns are Bittersweet and the either ironically or aptly named Neversink, which was relocated. From the tragic to the mysterious, you won't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist. "15 In the mid-18th century, archaeologists discovered the ruins of both Pompeii and Stabiae. What are some of the great cities in history that no longer exist? Depending on how you count, there are between 195 to 207 countries. And everybody knows about the Maya and their famous calendar.But other ancient peoples get short shrift in world history. 25 Ancient Greek Cities that No Longer Exist or Are No Longer Greek. Good luck deal hunting! From the collapse ancient empires to the renaming of exotic places, the map of the world looks very different now than it did a century ago. You might see him posed harmlessly on a greeting card or reproduced in chocolates or figurines. The families would hang the birch twigs on the wall for the rest of the year as decoration—and to remind kids to stay in line. In 1954 the state of Montana acquired most of the land, and today it's Bannack State Park. In the 13th century, one of Genghis Khan's sons, Tolui, attacked, destroying the city. Machu Picchu is one of the most well-known cities. AncientPages.com - Anyone interested in ancient history has undoubtedly seen a number of prehistoric ruins that were once part of magnificent ancient monuments, cities and sacred sites. Here are some things you might not have known about Santa's demonic companion. While it was largely established to protect St. Augustine from British attack, the site is also the earliest known European-sanctioned free black community in the modern United States. Some would flee and try to seek refuge in a shop or restaurant, only to be pursued by a determined Krampus. Svalbard is an archipelago in the far north Arctic Ocean. The one with the oddest story though is Stabiae. San Juan Parangaricutiro used to be the principal town in its region of Mexico, a thriving city of 4000 people centered by an 18th century church. When the Ephthalites were defeated, the city wasn't restored, and a century later a chronicler noted that the city was still desolate, soon to be abandoned. Merv's wealth came from a strategic position for trade routes and dams that provided the city with water. Between 1934 and 1938, when Austria was under Fascist rule, Krampus was seen as a symbol of (variously) sin, anti-Christian ideals, and Social Democrats. According to Bloomberg, as an effectively Western city, Pyramiden had a very high standard of living, recruited the best minds, and served as a display for Communism to the rest of the world. Known in ancient Egyptian sources for its abundance of gold and other valuable natural resources, Kush was conquered and exploited by its northern neighbor for nearly half a millennium (circa 1500–1000 B.C.). Some of the most well-known ones include the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Abbasid Caliphate. There are usually some kind of horns and hides involved, but there’s also a lot of free rein. When Vesuvius exploded in 79 CE, its most famous victims were the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, but other towns and villas were buried as well, places such as Boscoreale or Oplontis. Bannack is generally listed as the first boomtown in Montana: The population rose from a few hundred to thousands of individuals in just a few years after gold was discovered in a nearby creek in 1862. The purpose of this post office was entirely so that philatelists could get a cancellation mark from Antarctica. But if you’re the kind of person who goes to extra-scary haunted houses at Halloween, take heart: That terror doesn’t have to stop just because we’ve entered a season of togetherness and joy. - Quora. But only about 2 percent of the ancient city has been excavated. "It was indeed an ancient city. In the 79th year of the new era, Pompeii was destroyed by the great volcanic eruption of Vesuvius. The very first cities in the world developed during the Neolithic period in ancient Mesopotamia.Although many of these early cities are no longer around, there are a few that still exist and have developed into modern cities. The article rather primly notes that the twigs are hung “particularly in those houses where the behavior of the children merits the application of corporal correction.”. You can find gifts that are perfect for every age group without having to break the bank. Fortunately, the ash discovered the remains of ancient cities. Some continue to be major players on the political scene, but others are no longer significant. Today, the location of the capital city of the empire remains unknown, as do many of the details of its rise and fall. Years of construction and demolition followed, until 1976, when a landslide isolated Consonno and ended Bagno's dream of a "City of Toys." And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. According to the National Park Service, Nan Madol was built around 1200 CE. After the Spanish gave Florida to Britain in 1763, the community moved to Cuba. AncientPages.com - Anyone interested in ancient history has undoubtedly seen a number of prehistoric ruins that were once part of magnificent ancient monuments, cities and sacred sites. Pavlopetri – Greece. Located in the Supe Valley in Peru, Caral is one of the most ancient lost cities of the Americas.It was as inhabited between roughly 2600 BC and 2000 BC. But he got grafted onto Christian tradition as a sidekick of St. Nicholas, similar to figures like Zwarte Piet in the Netherlands and Knecht Ruprecht in Germany. In the real world, people might attend Krampus balls, or young men from the local Krampusgruppe might don carved wooden masks, cowbells, chains, and elaborate costumes to run through town in a Krampuslauf (Krampus run), frightening and sometimes beating bystanders. Originally, Krampus was a purely pagan creation, said to be the son of Hel from Norse mythology. The Sanxingdui site shows evidence of abandonment about 2,800 or 3,000 years ago, and another ancient city, Jinsha, discovered nearby, shows evidence that maybe the Sanxingdui moved there. Check out our favorite sales below. In Europe and western Asia there were many states that rose to power and then later fell. But you might also encounter a procession of Krampuses stalking through the town, laden with bells and chains, intimidating onlookers or whipping them with bundles of sticks. However, they don't always find their inhabitants. In early 2017, newspapers around the world reported the discovery of Trellech. Today, a few buildings survive from the site, but according to Colleen Beck of the Desert Research Institute, something more fashionable may also have survived. With so many easy targets, we again managed to escape largely unharmed. According to ancient tax rolls, the second largest town in 13th century Wales was likely Trellech, which comprised about 400 buildings before being destroyed, most likely due to a combination of attacks, fire, and disease. By the late 15th century the community had disappeared, leaving only ruins, with the last record of life there being a 1408 marriage between Thorstein Olafsson and Sigrid Björnsdottir. For instance, Ludwig Schnegg makes the masks for all 80 members of the Haiming Krampusgruppe—and he’s been making them since 1981. 10. Much of the discussion of abandoned cities following the Chernobyl disaster is focused on Pripyat in Ukraine, but across the border, 70 percent of the radioactive fallout fell on Belarus, causing an estimated 470 villages and towns to be evacuated. Who is Krampus? Amazingly, no one died, but the majority of the town's 128 people were left homeless (only one house survived the storm). STABIAE, ITALY. The government bought most of the remaining citizens out, but a few residents fought to be able to live out their lives there. These city-states, countries, empires, and geographic regions feature prominently in ancient history. Corbis/VCG/Getty Images. In fact, the only odd part was that it was in Antarctica. According to an MSF spokesperson in the area, the town had been reduced to ashes, thought most of the population was able to escape before the attack. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, saltpeter was huge business as a fertilizer, and much of it came from the Atacama Desert in South America. As part of the 1933 Little America, Charles Anderson was sent to run a post office (the Smithsonian has his safe, labeled "U.S. Post Office, Little America, South Pole"). However, the existence of these incredible maps proves that in the distant past, ancient explorers had an extremely well-developed cartography system comparable in precision with the one we have today. The city is an ancient Greek city flowing with human activity and life and one of the parts of Greek kingdom of Epirus. Wrong. It was an image reminiscent of an Arabian nights folk tale. Pavlopetri is a city that existed from the Stone Age up to 1000 BC and is a place that provides an excellent view of the life before. From the tragic to the mysterious, you won't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist. Some of the most well-known ones include the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Abbasid Caliphate. A few aftershocks followed the initial quake, some as strong as 4.0 and 5.5- magnitude. There were only three recorded fatalities, all due to lightning from the eruption. Legend says that Sargon built the city (or possibly restored it) and created an empire in the 24th century BCE. Heliopolis, Modern Lebanon In 334 BCE, the city was named Heliopolis from its Greek word Helios, means “sun” and “polis which refer as city.” "Jericho was the oldest inhabited and fortified city ever excavated. Ash began covering nearby villages, and everyone was evacuated. Sadly, by the time it was made Montana’s first territorial capital, the city was already in decline due to crime and other gold deposits being discovered elsewhere in the territory. ... but that theory is no longer in vogue. The city that was in the desert had a large number of inhabitants, but it was destroyed by an earthquake, so the entire population moved away from there. . Comprising 92 artificial islands, the city served as the center of the Saudeleur dynasty who ruled the island. The Akkadian Empire took its name from the capital city, Akkad (or Agade). The Akkadian Empire lasted around two centuries before collapsing over reasons that historians still debate. The Dead Cities are a group of around 40 villages in northern Syria that date to the 1st through 7th centuries CE. According to UNESCO, "the relict cultural landscape of the villages also constitutes an important illustration of the transition from the ancient pagan world of the Roman Empire to Byzantine Christianity." One can find such newborn ghost towns in different parts of the world. This gave rise to Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, otherwise known as Fort Mose, on the outskirts of St. Augustine. In the early 20th century, Kolmanskop played host to European opera companies, an orchestra, and even the southern hemisphere's first X-ray unit. 30 Cities Around the World That No Longer Exist An old Norwegian legend tells of a village that was left utterly depopulated by the Black Death, forgotten, and soon overgrown by moss and trees. Ancient cities around the world that no longer exist! Take a look at some of them: A city where Indian tribes lived from 900 to 1200 of the new era. Make your last-minute shopping on Amazon even easier with deep discounts on Samsonite luggage, smart notebooks, Fitbits, and more. And in no other place was this change faster than in Europe. Krampus has also been a fixture on Austrian holiday greeting cards since the 1800s, where he’s shown pursuing women or menacing children. December 5 is Krampusnacht, when Krampus reigns. Also known as Gunkanjima or Battleship Island, this small island off the coast of Japan is thought to have been the most densely populated place on the planet in the 1950s, with over 5000 people crammed onto a 16-acre island (that works out to a population density of 200,000 people per square mile; Manhattan is around a third of that). Although modern historians think it's exaggerated, the chronicler Ibn al-Athir claimed that 700,000 people were killed. Every year, new cities are built from scratch around the world. The ancient Egyptians had their pyramids, the Greeks, their sculptures and temples. On the night of January 26, 1917, the fishing village of Hallsands in Devon fell into the sea. Taxila is a complex that spans 6th century BCE Achaemenian ruins. While the government strenuously denied responsibility, recent research has uncovered a report that showed the dredging conclusively caused the collapse. According to Archaeology, the town was fitted with utilities, industrial buildings, cars, fully stocked kitchens, and even a propane tank farm alongside dozens of mannequins. Costumed figures of the two traditionally visit houses and businesses together on Krampusnacht. Since the 17th century, the two have been linked in a sort of Christmasy yin-yang, with Krampus as St. Nick’s dark companion. He’s a devilish figure, with long horns and a goaty beard, much like typical portrayals of Satan. Often, we imagine the past as something grandiose, mystical, magnificent, a time when the ancient nations tirelessly created and searched. Rise to Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, on the landscape, as refugees moving... An American post office was entirely so that philatelists could get a cancellation mark from.! 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